Kanjeevaram is one of the most intricately weaved saree of the country. Woven out of pure mulberry silk; this exquisite masterpiece is one of its kinds. The saree borrows its name from the small village where it originated.
This saree is undoubtedly the best pick for occasions and celebrations because of its deep colors with hints of gold and the thick fabric. One can count on Kanjeevaram silk saree to be a timeless piece of classy ethnicity.
Mythology says that the weavers of this beauty are the descendants of sage Markanda who was known to be the master weaver for Gods. The early traces of Kanjeevaram Silk Saree dates back to some 400 years back. During the reign of Krishna Devaraya, this are came to its full swing. The finest weavers from major Andhra communities migrated to the town of Kanchipuram to add intricacy to the weave by incorporating the images of various scriptures and also the figurines which were engraved on the temple walls.
Within no time the saree gained utmost popularity and turned out to be a must wear for all traditional ceremonies, auspicious occasions as well as weddings too.
The saree is woven out of pure mulberry silk. The silk is produced from south India itself; while the inexpensive silver zari and pure gold are traded from Gujarat. In order to increase the thickness and stiffness of the silk thread, it is pre dipped in rice water and then sun dried at a stage much before the start of the weaving process. This fine thread is inter twisted with thin silver wire and is woven throughout. Afterwards, golden thread is used to finish the entire procedure.
The saree is woven in three different parts i.e. the pallu, the border and the body which are later interlocked together with acute precision and immense finesse. The vibrant colors combined with eye catching designs speak for the handloom pride of the country. The saree has the most eye catching designs which are all inspired from the various scriptures and figurines in the temples located in the village itself. There are mythological stories which are woven well to narrate the ancient and culturally rich times of the country.
The border usually has motifs which are all derived from the temples, palaces and also from the paintings. Meanwhile the body has more of geometric patterns to it like the pyramidal temple design, stripes, checks, floral, and paisley buttas.
As time passed and the craft got more diversified, the stripes got replaced by numerous other symbolic motifs like that of the sun, the moon, animals, birds or even mythological inspirations.
This saree debuted with a nine yard weave but over a few years, when things came more to practicality the saree came down to a perfect six yard weave. To make this immensely rich handloom fit to the common masses, the golden and silver zari eventually got replaced by more cost effective metal or copper zari.
To boast more about this saree, it has been recognized as a geographical indication by the government back in 2006. This has helped retain the authenticity and exclusivity of the saree.